WildWest, the word 'automatic', if you put the suffix '-cal
' (meaning 'pertaining to
to its end, would seem to make a word 'automatical', and so that result may be said to conform
'rule' of english language linguistics -
so possibly before 1900's or probably back in the
time of Isaac Newton maybe it was used. However, the word 'automatical' does not
english in modern times. To use 'automatical' in english language in modern times is wrong,
because the modern convention is to use only
these forms of the word; automatic
. That is why you will never
see printed e.g. an '
automatical machine gun'
- the accepted modern usage is instead e.g. an '
automatic machine gun'
I'm not a Professor of English Linguistics and so cannot explain why this is the modern convention.
in that you cite collinsdictionary - yes, collinsdictionary shows it
like this - "automatical=automatic
", but that is a poor way
by collinsdisctionary to show
it in that manner - if they want to show it, what they should show
instead is like this;automatical [archaic word], use instead automatic (as noun or adjective) or automatically (adverb)
, you can check any other english
book dictionary or online dictionary such as;http://dictionary.cambridge.orghttp://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/automaticalhttp://www.thefreedictionary.com/automaticalhttp://dictionary.reference.com/browse/automatical?s=t
etc., and you will see that 'automatical' either returns no result
or returns a result that
says it is 'archaic' (meaning from old times and not suitable for modern usage), and will
then give acceptable modern words instead.
As for IEEE, again visit http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/search/searc ... al&x=0&y=0
and you will see a strange thing
- almost every scientific item with 'automatical' is authored
, and the very few
'english looking' names seem to be submitting the scientific
paper from, or associated with, e.g. an Institute in France, a University in Germany, etc....
Also, that IEEE webpage does not give a number for how many items 1985 to 2014
searched through, but at http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/aboutUs.jsp
it states "Approximately25,000 new documents
are added to IEEE Xplore each month
". There are only 125 results
on that IEEE search page (oldest item result is dated 1985), so you can understand that
occaisionally, rarely, the wrong wording may be used even in such items, even in their title.
Even if you google "automatical ", when you carefully go through the results, you realize that it's
either a dictionary program actually only 'matching' to the 'nearest similar word' [i.e. word actually],
or text from an 1800's dictionary being shown, or a 'non-native english' person using it on a webpage,
or a spelling mistake, etc..
Consider that the dataset is so large (the internet) that if 'automatical' existed in modern english,
there should be plenty
of examples of texts from english speaking countries and by 'modern
native english speakers' using it - but there are not
, so if this is not proof, then certainly logical
reasoning alone gives that 'automatical' does not exist in modern english and/or that it is not used
by modern native english speakers.